Some important aspects of growth and development are:
• Physical and sensory development (body growth and movement)
• Cognitive development (thinking and understanding language)
• Language development (speaking and understanding language)
• Emotional development (expressing and managing feelings)
• Social development (mixing and getting on with others)
All these aspects are all connected and influence each other. Under stress a child may lose some skills or regress in their ability or desire to do things. Stress can be physical or emotional.
Having an idea of what children are typically able to do and like doing at various stages in their development makes it easier for volunteers to play with them, to understand them and their needs and to have a reasonable expectation regarding behaviour.